Cross-cultural Variation in People‘s Prevailing Value Orientations (Powerpoint Presentation)


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A Human Development View on Value Change Trends (1981-2006)

Powerpoint presentation, Author : Christian Welzel Professor of Political Science ? International University Bremen (IUB) c.welzel@iu-bremen.deIstanbul, November 03, 200

Summary : Cross-Cultural variation in people‘s prevailing value orientations can be boiled down to just two dimensions :

(1) Weak vs. strong SECULAR-RATIONAL Values: with secular-rational values getting weaker one approaches the mythical ideal of a sacred community, with these values getting stronger one approaches the rational ideal of a secular community. This polarity is about ideals of the COMMUNITY.

(2) Weak vs. strong SELF-EXPRESSION Values: with self-expression values getting weaker one approaches the conformist ideal of a restrained individual, with these values getting stronger one approaches the ideal of an expressive individual. This polarity is about ideals of the INDIVIDUAL.

Using only two dimensions,  each country is positioned according to its people’s values and not its geographical location.

Thus, Australia, Canada, the U.S. and Great Britain are cultural neighbors, reflecting their relatively similar values, despite their geographical dispersion.

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